Luke 10

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In Luke 10 Jesus sent disciples to heal the sick and declare the kingdom of God in towns that he intended to visit (Luke 10:9). Luke 10 also contains the important Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:29-37).


The region of Samaria was located in Palestine, south of Galilee and north of Judea. Jesus passed through Samaria when he traveled from Capernaum to Jerusalem.

Samaritans descended from Jews who intermarried with the Assyrians that conquered Israel (2nd Kings 17:5-6, 22-34). Jews, who were prohibited from intermarrying with other nations, despised the Samaritans because they descended from mixed marriages (Deuteronomy 7:2-4).

While Jews avoided interacting with Samaritans, Jesus was more tolerant toward them (John 4:9). He spoke with a Samaritan woman, to the surprise of his own disciples (John 4:7-42). He preached in their cities, and rebuked James and John for wanting to destroy a Samaritan village that rejected Jesus (Luke 9:55-56).

Luke 10 Outline

Workers sent out by twos to preach
Conduct instructions
Workers sent to cities Jesus would visit
Conduct for receptive cities
Conduct for cities that rejected them
Woes to three cities
Principle about response to Christ
Triumphant return
Workers return to Jesus
Jesus rejoices in the Holy Spirit
The Good Samaritan
Lawyer asks Jesus about eternal life.
Parable of the Good Samaritan.
Martha and Mary

Fast Facts

  • The Good Samaritan used oil as a soothing agent, and wine as a disinfectant. In 2005 scientists discovered that olive oil is a natural pain killer. It contains an anti-inflammatory agent called “oleocanthal,” which has pain relieving properties similar to ibuprofen.
  • Mary’s devotion to Christ’s important message outweighed the urgency of preparing food. She is a model example of how to set priorities. First focus on the important, then on the urgent.
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