Romans 12

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The practical section of Romans begins in chapter 12, and continues through the end of the book. This is typical of Paul’s pattern, to open with doctrinal insights and close with an ethical call to action.

Living Sacrifice

This chapter opens with two memorable appeals:

  1. Present your body as a living sacrifice (Romans 12:1).
  2. Be transformed by the renewal of your mind (Romans 12:2).

These two keys to living the Christian life are linked by the motivation of being acceptable to God. Jesus possessed this sacrificial mindset, taking the form of a servant and humbling himself to the point of being crucified (Philippians 2:4-8).

Your mind is important in living the Christian life. Don’t let the world squeeze you into its pattern of thought.

To transform your thinking, first immerse yourself in scripture (Psalm 1, Psalm 119:105, Acts 17:11, Romans 10:17). Dwell on and think about noble things (Philippians 4:8). If you prepare your mind (1st Peter 1:13-15), you will conduct yourself in a way that is acceptable to God.

Romans 12 Outline

The Christian life
Motivation & nature of the Christian life
The Christian outlook
Diverse gifts (see 1st Corinthians 12:20-31)
Know your place in the body of Christ.
Exercise your gifts with the right attitude.
Marks of the Christian life
Be a genuine Christian
Live harmoniously with others
Overcome evil with good


Worship is the conscious recognition and confession of God as the being who possesses final worth. Romans 1:1 contains the phrase “your spiritual worship.” The adjective translated “spiritual” is the Greek word “logikos,” which literally means reasonable, rational, or intelligent.

Christianity requires understanding. We should be mentally engaged in worship, singing and praying with our minds, as Paul encouraged the Corinthians (1st Corinthians 14:15).

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