Romans 16

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Paul concludes his letter to the Romans with greetings, a final warning, and a doxology of praise to God.

Notable women of Romans 16

Paul recognized the importance of women in the Lord’s work. Phoebe, whose name meant “radiant,” had offered hospitality to many, including Paul (Romans 16:1-2). She lived near Corinth, and likely carried Paul’s letter to Rome.

A woman named Mary had worked hard for the Roman Christians (Romans 16:6). Junia, who was well known to the apostles, had been imprisoned for Christ (Romans 16:7). Tryphaena and Tryphosa, whose names meant “delicate” and “dainty,” worked hard, as did Persis (Romans 16:12).

The mother of Rufus had proved a mother to Paul (Romans 16:13). This may be the same Rufus mentioned in Mark 15:21, the son of Simon the Cyrene who carried the Lord’s cross.

Romans 16 Outline

Personal greetings
Commendation of Pheobe
Greetings to Christian friends
Avoid divisive people
Greetings from Paul’s companions
Praise to God, our source of strength.

Priscilla and Acquila

This Christian couple worked with Paul to spread the gospel. They fled Rome when Claudius expelled the Jews. They befriended Paul in Corinth and offered him lodging. Like Paul, they were tentmakers (Acts 18:1-3).

Priscilla and Acquila set sail with Paul to Syria, and stayed in Ephesus (Acts 18:18-19). There they explained the way of God to Apollos “more accurately” (Acts 18:26).

Known for their hospitality, this family hosted a church at their home in Ephesus (1st Corinthians 16:19). Eventually they returned to Rome where they also entertained a church in their home (Romans 16:5).

Paul commended “Prisca and Acquila” for endangering their lives to save his (Romans 16:3).

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