Romans 5

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Paul has presented our need to be rescued from God’s wrath (Romans 1:16 – 3:20). He explained the way of justification (Romans 3:21-31) and provided the scriptural example of Abraham (Romans 4:1-25). Now Paul turns to the blessings of being justified.

Joys of Justification

Because of Christ’s sacrifice we are justified, and receive add-itional blessings. Peace with God is the first blessing of being justified (Romans 5:1). Peace stands in direct contrast with the wrath of God, which we were formerly subject.

Grace, in which we stand, is the second blessing. This is not a fleeting blessing, where we repeatedly move into and out of grace on a daily basis. We stand in grace (Romans 5:2). Jesus made the free gift of grace possible (Romans 5:15, 17).

Joy is the next blessing. Christians can rejoice in the hope of sharing God’s glory (Romans 5:2). Christians can rejoice in suffer-ing because it produces perseverance, character, and confi-dent hope (Romans 5:3-5). We also rejoice in God because he has reconciled us (Romans 5:11).

Hope is the fourth blessing (Romans 5:2-5). Biblical hope is a confident expectation that sustains us. It is an unshakable trust in God. Hope does not disappoint us, or put us to shame, because God is faithful (Hebrews 10:23, 11:1, 6). Hope is an anchor of the soul because God’s promises are certain (Hebrews 6:13-20).

Reconciliation is the fifth blessing (Romans 5:10-11). We are reconciled to God through Christ. Reconciliation is a change from disharmony to harmony with God.

Eternal life is the ultimate blessing of justification (Romans 5:21).

Romans 5 Outline

Joys of Justification
sStanding in grace.
Justified by blood. Saved from wrath.
Death in Adam. Life in Christ
Reign of death for Adam’s sin.
Free gift of righteousness
Eternal life through Jesus Christ

Adam and Christ

Paul magnified the work of Christ by contrasting it with the repercussions of Adam’s sin (Romans 5:12-21). Death reigned because of Adam’s sin (Romans 5:14, 17, 19).

The righteousness of Jesus lead to justification for all (Romans 5:18). Abundant grace and the free gift of righteousness enable us to reign in life through Jesus (Romans 5:17).

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